History of Cardiac Surgery
Ludwig Rehn successfully stitched a wound in the heart..
Ludwig Rehn und Ferdinand Sauerbruch performed the first successful pericardectomy for a constricting pericarditis..
Martin Kirschner performed the first successful pulmonary embolectomy using the technique developed in 1907 by Friedrich Trendelenburg.
Elliott Culter und Samuel Levine (cardiologist) performed in 1923 transventricular and Souttar in 1925 Soutar transatrial (auricle) mitral valve valvotomy .
First heart catheterization a self experiment by Werner Forssmann.
Ferdinand Sauerbruch successfully operated on a right ventricular aneurysm..
Emil Frey performed the first surgical ligation of a patent Ductus arteriosus Botalli.
Clarence Crafoord performed the first successful repair of aortic coarctation by resection and end to end anastomosis.
Alfred Blalock and Helen Taussig (cardiologist) performed the first left Art. subclavia to Art. pulmonalis shunt to improve the oxygen saturation in a child with tetralogy of Fallot.
Thomas Sellors and Russell Brock independently performed transventricular pulmonary valvotomy for congenital pulmonary stenosis.
Robert Gross und Tyge Sondergaard performed atrial septal defect (closed technique).
Wilfred Bigelow developed a technique for cerebral protection during circulatory arrest.
John Lewis performed the first open congenital heart surgery in hypothermia.
John Gibbon developed a heart lung machine for open heart closure of atrial septal defect.
Äke Senning und Clarence Crafoord.resected atrial myxoma in extracorporal circulation .
Walton Lillehei, father of open heart surgery, used the Cross-Circulation technique to correct tetralogy of Fallot-Tetralogy in a child.The circulation of the parent was connected to that of the child to maintain the circulation when the child’s heart was arrested during the open heart operation.
Äke Senning implanted the first heart pace maker.
Dwight Harken performed the first aortic valve replacement with a cage ball prosthesis.
Albert Starr performed the first mitral valve replacement with a cage ball prosthesis (Starr-Edwards Valve).
Frank Mason Sones performed the first selective coronary angiography during a heart catheterization..
Hans Borst performed aortic arch operation in hypothermia and circulatory arrest.
Rene Favalaro performed coronary artery revascularisation with a coronary artery vein graft (CABG) and Vasilii Kolessov with Art. mammaria.
Adrian Kantrowitz performed the first intra aortic balloon pump (IABP) counterpulsation for treating patients in cardiogenic shock.
Christiaan Barnard performed the first human orthotopic heart transplantation.
Andreas Gruentzig performed the first coronary balloon angioplasty.
Bruce Reitz performed the first heart lung transplantation.